Uzbekistan is located in the heart of Central Asia between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers.
The history of Central Asia is, to a large extent, the history of present-day Uzbekistan.
The ancient leading cities on the famous Silk Road are Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva.
The economy is based primarily on agriculture and natural resource extraction. Uzbekistan is a major producer and exporter of cotton, natural gas, gold, uranium, and strategic minerals